It is the responsibility of parents to look after the child’s health and see to it that his or hers eye related problems are not overlooked. According to the survey researches conducted, about ten percent of the pre school goers, and twenty five percent of the school going children suffers from visionary problems. It is very important atht these eye related symptoms are diagnosed in an earlier stage. Relevant treatment must be offered to the children diagnosed with eye problems.

On the basis of the reports of AOA or American Optometric Association, it is very important that the infants go through comprehensive eye examinations while they are six months old. There after eye examination is extremely important at the age of three, before he or she is entering the kindergarten level. Additional eye care check ups are important at the age of six or five. According to the recommendations of American Optometric Association, eye check up for a child is extremely important after every two years. On the basis of the recommendations of doctors, the parents should see to it that the eye check ups are done on a yearly or quarterly basis.

The following things are tested, while examining eyes of children:

  • Hand and eye co ordination
  • Focusing skills
  • Near vision
  • Peripheral awareness
  • Distance vision
  • Binocular or two eyes coordination
  • Eye movement skills

Proper diagnosis of eye problems enables the child to perform better in the various activities of school. This way the child performs better in sports activities and activities related to academics. The eye examination of a child depends on factors such as family history, vision testing, eye alignment, need for eye glasses, parent education. The parents after making appointments need to furnish the doctor with all details about the child’s heath, as well as the parental history. The eye specialist may enquire about complications that might have risen during the time of pregnancy or delivery.

You need to furnish the doctor with all details about the current physical status, present or past allergies, and medical history of the child. Make sure that you let the doctor know, if you gave birth to a premature baby or not. Diagnosis is extremely important before proper treatment starts. Let the doctor know, if you have any family history of farsightedness or nearsightedness, amblyopia, strabismus or lazy eye diseases.

You can go for the following types of eye testing methods for children:

You need to examine the responses of pupil, and see to it whether it opens and closes on time, without much difficulty, both in the presence and absence of light

The child must not have difficulty in fixing his or her eyes on a particular object. Infants with normal eye sight, has the ability to fixate their eyes by the time child is three months old

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